Course Outline & Readings - Issues in Organizing (LABR 608)

COURSE OUTLINE & READINGS - Issues in Organizing

Required Texts:

Lance Compa, Unfair Advantage: Workers' Freedom of Association in the United States Under International Human Rights Standards (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004)

Ruth Milkman and Paula Voss, Rebuilding Labor: Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 2004)

Additional readings for course are listed in weekly sessions

Course Outline:

Week 1:

Ardis Cameron, "Neighborhoods in Revolt," in Radicals of the Worst Sort: Laboring Women in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1860-1912 (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1995), pp. 117-169

Melvyn Dubofsky, "The Organizational Strike Comes To the Needle Trades," in When Workers Organize: New York City in the Progressive Era (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1968), pp. 40-67

Sharon Strom, "'We're no Kitty Foyles': Organizing Office Workers for the CIO, 1937- 50," in Ruth Milkman, ed., Women, Work and Protest: A Century of U.S. Women's Labor History (Boston: Routledge, 1985), pp. 206- 234

Ruth Meyrowitz, "Organizing the United Automobile Workers: Women Workers at the Ternstedt General Motors Parts Plant," in Ruth Milkman, ed., Women, Work and Protest: A Century of U.S. Women's Labor History, pp.235- 258

Robin D.G. Kelley, "Prologue: Birmingham, 1870- 1930," in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1990), pp. 1-10

____, ''The CIO in Dixie," in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression, pp. 138-151

Horace Clayton and George Mitchell, ''The CIO Campaign to Organize Steel," in Black Workers and New Unions (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1970), pp. 190- 227 [Originally published 1939, University of North Carolina Press]

Karen Brodkin Sacks, "How Women Organized," in Caring by the Hour: Women, Work and Organizing at the Duke Medical Center (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois, 1988), pp. 117­142

Stanley Aronowitz, "The Rise and Crisis of Public Employees' Unions," in From the Ashes of the Old: American Labor and America's Future (New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1998), pp.59-85

Susan Chandler and Jill Jones, "Because a better world is possible: women casino workers, union activism and the creation of a just workplace," in Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, vol. 30, 2003

"Workers' Rights at Smithfield Foods, in Tar Heel, N.C." (an excerpt from the Human Rights Watch report, "Blood, Sweat, and Fear: Workers' Rights in U.S. Meat and Poultry Plants"), United Food and Commercial Workers, AFL-CIO

Week 2:

Karl Marx, ''Trade Unions: Their Past, Present and Future," in Simeon Larson and Bruce Nissen, eds., Theories of the Labor Movement (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987), pp. 36-37

________, ''The Struggle between Capital and Labor and Its Results," in Tom Clarke and Laurie Clements, eds., Trade Unions under Capitalism (Highland Park, NJ: The Humanities Press, 1978), pp. 50- 56

Frederick Engels, The British Labor Movement (New York: International Publishers, 1940), 5-21

John R. Commons, "American Labor History," in Simeon Larson and Bruce Nissen, eds., Theories of the Labor Movement, pp. 134-139

Sidney and Beatrice Webb, ''The Origins of Trade Unionism," in Simeon Larson and Bruce Nissen, eds., Theories of the Labor Movement, pp. 188-206

Selig Perlman, "A Theory of the Labor Movement," in Simeon Larson and Bruce Nissen, eds., Theories of the Labor Movement, pp. 161-173

_________, "It's Still Job Conscious Unionism," in George Schultz and John Coleman, eds., Labor Problems: Readings and Cases (New York: McGraw Hill, 1959), pp. 52-54

Clark Kerr, John T. Dunlop, Frederick Harbison, and Charles Myers, "Industrialism and Industrial Man," in Simeon Larson and Bruce Nissen, eds., Theories of the Labor Movement, pp. 315-336

Michael Yates, 'Why Unions?" in Why Unions Matter (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1998), pp. 1-23

________, "How Unions Form," in Why Unions Matter, pp. 24- 38

Ruth Milkman and Paula Voss, "Introduction," in Rebuilding Labor: Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 2004), pp 1-14

Richard Freeman and Joel Rogers, "How Workers Judge Unions," in What Workers Want (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999), pp. 65- 89

Richard Freeman, "Do Workers Still Want Unions? More Than Ever," EPI Briefing Paper #182, Economic Policy Institute, Washington, D.C., February 2007

Week 3:

Jeremy Brecher, ''The Great Upheaval," in Strike (Cambridge, MA.: South End Press, 1997), pp. 1­24

_______, "Nineteen Nineteen,” in Strike, pp. 101-143

David Montgomery, "'A maximum of publicity, with a minimum of interference,'" in The Fall of the House of Labor (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987), pp. 411- 464

David Brody, ''Toward Industrial Unionism," in Steelworkers in America: The Nonunion Era (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1998), pp. 125- 146

_______, ''The Emergence of Mass Production Unionism," in Workers in Industrial America:

Essays on the Twentieth Century Struggle (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), pp. 82- 119

_______, ''The Uses of Power I: Industrial Battleground," in Workers in Industrial America:

Essays on the Twentieth Century Struggle, pp.157 - 198

Alan Brinkley, ''The New Unionism and the New Liberalism," in The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War (New York: Vintage, 1996), pp. 201- 227

Kim Moody, ''The Postwar System of Labor-Capital Relations," in An Injury to All: The Decline of American Unionism (New York: Verso, 1998), pp. 17-40

________, "The Making of Modern Business Unionism," in An Injury to All: The Decline of American Unionism, pp. 41-69

Nelson Lichtenstein, "A Labor-Management Accord?" in State of the Union: A Century of American Labor (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003), pp. 98- 140

________, "Erosion of the Union Idea," in State of the Union: A Century of American Labor, pp. 141-177

Richard Edward and Michael Podgursky, "The Unraveling Accord: American Unions in Crisis," in Richard Edwards, Paolo Garonna and Franz Todtling, eds., Unions in Crisis and Beyond: Perspectives from Six Countries (Dover, MA.: Auburn House, 1986), pp. 14- 59

Henry Farber and Bruce Western, "Accounting for the Decline of Unions in the Private Sector, 1973- 1998," in Journal of Labor Research, vol. 22, 2001, pp. 459- 485

Joel Rogers, "Don't Worry, Be Happy: The Postwar Decline of Private Sector Unionism," in Jane Jenson and Rianne Mahon, eds., The Challenge of Restructuring: North American Labor Movements (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1993), pp. 48-71

Joshua B. Freeman, "Municipal Unionism," in Working-Class New York: Life and Labor since World War II, (New York: The New Press, 2000), pp. 200-214

Dan Clawson and Mary Ann Clawson, 'What Has Happened to the American Labor Movement?

Union Decline and Renewal," in Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 25, 1999, pp. 95- 119

Michael Goldfield, "Organized Labor in the United States: Its General Weakness and Recent Decline," in The Decline of Organized Labor in the United States (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), pp. 3-56

_______, ''The Continuing Search for the Real Culprits: The Relation of Class Forces," in The Decline of Organized Labor in the United States, pp. 180-220

Mike Davis, ''The Fall of the House of Labor," in Prisoners of the American Dream (London: Verso, 1986), pp. 102-156

Larry Griffin, et al, ''The 'Unmasking' of a Movement? The Crisis of U.S. Trade Unions in Comparative Perspective," in M. Hallinan, et al, eds., Change in Societal Institutions (New York: Plenum, 1990), pp. 169-194.

Robert Flannigan, "Has Management Strangled U.S. Unions?" in James Bennett and Bruce Kaufman, eds., What Do Unions Do? A Twenty-Year Perspective (Edison, NJ: Transaction Press, 2007), pp.459-491

Week 4:

William B. Gould, "The National Labor Relations Act," in Primer on American Labor Law (Boston, MA: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 27- 48

_______, "Unfair Labor Practices," in Primer on American Labor Law, pp.49-64

_______, "Establishing the Collective Bargaining Relationship: Organization and Recognition," in Primer on American Labor Law, pp.65- 96

Bruce Feldaker, "Union Organizing Rights and Election Campaigns," in Labor Guide to Labor Law, 4th ed., (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000), pp. 91-139

Michael C Harper, Samuel Estreicher and Joan Flynn, "Regulation of the Representation Process," in Labor Law: Cases, Materials and Problems (New York: Aspen Publishers, 2003), pp. 320-400

Nelson Lichtenstein, "Taft-Hartley: A Slave Labor Law?" in Catholic University Law Review, vol. 47, 1998, pp. 763-789

George Lipsitz, "'More Radical than Their Leaders': The Taft Hartley Act," in Rainbow at Midnight: Labor and Culture in the 1940s (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994), pp.157 - 181

Lance Compa, "Freedom of Association under U.S. Labor Law," in Unfair Advantage: Workers’ Freedom of Association in the United States under International Human Rights Standards (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004), pp. 51- 70

Week 5:

James Gross, "Conflicting Statutory Purposes: Another Look at Fifty Years of NLRB Law Making," in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 39, no. 1, 1985, pp. 7-18

Lance Compa, "Case Studies of Violations of Workers' Freedom of Association," in Unfair Advantage: Workers Freedom of Association in the United States under International Human Rights Standards, pp. 71-170

______,"Legal Obstacles to U.S. Workers' Exercise of Freedom of Association," in Unfair Advantage: Workers Freedom of Association in the United States under International Human Rights Standards, pp. 171-213

Gordon Lafer, "Neither Free nor Fair: The Subversion of Democracy under National Labor

Relations Board Elections," America Rights at Work Report 2007, pp. 1-75

Week 6:

Adrienne E. Eaton, and Jill Kriesky, "Union Organizing Under Neutrality and Card-Check Agreements," in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 55, no. 1, 2001, pp. 42-59

James Brudney, "Neutrality Agreements and Card Check Recognition: Prospects for Changing Paradigms," in Iowa Law Review, vol. 90, 2005

Mark Dudzic, "Saving the Right to Organize: Substituting the Thirteenth Amendment for the Wagner Act," in New Labor Forum, vol. 14, no. 1, 2005, pp. 59-67

Joshua B. Freeman, "The Thirteenth Amendment is no Magic Bullet," in New Labor Forum, vol. 14, no. 1, 2005), pp. 72-73

Mark Dudzic, "Reply," in New Labor Forum, vol. 14, no. 1, 2005, pp.75-76.

Max Fraser, "Beyond the Labor Board," in The Nation, January 21, 2008

James Pope, Peter Kellman and Ed Bruno, "Free Labor Today," in New Labor Forum, vol. 16, no. 2,2007.pp.8-18

Charles Morris, "Minority-Only Collective Bargaining: A Back-to-Basics Approach to Union Organizing," Workers Rights Conference. AFL-CIO and Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, October 2002

NLRB General Counsel, "Expanding the Use of Neutrality Agreements as an Organizational Tool," Office of General Council, NLRB, 2004
http://www.lawmemo.com/nlrb/gcreportNov2004.htm

Kim Moody, "'Card Check' Takes a Hit," in Labor Notes, n.d.

Erin Bowie, ''The CWA's Experience: A Tale of Two Card-Check Agreements," in Labor Notes, April 2003

Arch Stokes, Robert L. Murphy, Paul E. Wagner and David S. Sherwyn, "How Unions Organize New Hotels without an Employee Ballot: Neutrality Agreements," in Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, vol. 42, 2001, pp. 86- 96

Roger Waldinger, Chris Erickson, Ruth Milkman, Daniel Mitchell, Abel Valenzuela, Kent Wong and Maurice Zeitlin, "Helots No More: A Case Study of the Justice for Janitors Campaign in Los Angeles," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998), pp. 102- 120

Week 7:

Kate Bronfenbrenner, "Employer Behavior in Certification Elections and First-Contract Campaigns: Implications for Labor Law Reform," in Sheldon. Friedman, Richard  Hurd, R. Oswald, & R. Seeber, eds., Restoring the Promise of American Labor Law (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001), pp. 75-89
http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/articles/18/

Kate Bronfenbrenner, and Tom Juravich, "The Impact of Employer Opposition on Union Certification Win Rates: A Private/Public Comparison," Economic Policy Institute Working Paper No. 113, February, 1995, pp. 1-28.
http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/articles/19/

Richard Freeman and James Medoff, "The Slow Strangulation of Private Sector Unionism," in What Do Unions Do? (New York: Basic Books, 1984), pp. 221- 245

John Logan, "The Union Avoidance Industry in the USA," in British Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 44, no.4, (2006), pp. 651- 675

_________, "Consultants, lawyers, and the 'union free' movement in the USA since the 1970s," in Industrial Relations Journal, vol. 33, no. 3, 2002, pp. 197- 214

"Employer Interference with the Right of Workers to Join Unions: Literature Review," Voice@Work, AFL-CIO, August 1999

Chirag Mehta and Nik Theodore, "Undermining the Right to Organize: Employer Behavior during Union Representation Campaigns," Report to American Rights at Work, December 2005

Robert Penney, "Workers against Unions: Union Organizing and Anti-Union Countermobilizations, in Ruth Milkman and Kim Voss, eds., Rebuilding Labor. Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement, pp. 88-113

Larry Cohen and Richard Hurd, "Fear, Conflict, and Union Organizing," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 81- 196

Week 8:

Kate Bronfenbrenner, "The Role of Union Strategies in NLRB Certification Elections," in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 50, no. 2, 1997, pp. 195- 212

Kate Bronfenbrenner and Robert Hickey, "Changing to Organize: A National Assessment of Union Strategies," in Ruth Milkman and Kim Voss, eds., Rebuilding Labor: Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement, pp. 17-60

Kate Bronfenbrenner and Tom Juravich, "It Takes More than House Calls: Organizing to Win with a Comprehensive Union-Building Strategy," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 19-36

Steven Lopez, "'See You Next Year': The Failure of Traditional Organizing Tactics," in Reorganizing the Rust Belt: An Inside Study of the American Labor Movement  (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004), pp. 37- 62

_______, “It's a Union”: Why Face to Face Organizing and Collective Action Tactics Succeed," in Reorganizing the Rust Belt: An Inside Study of the American Labor Movement, pp. 63- 92

Tom Juravich , Kate Bronfenbrenner, and Robert Hickey, "Significant Victories: An Analysis of Union First Contracts," in Richard Block, Sheldon Friedman, Michelle Kaminski and Andy Levin, eds., Justice on the Job: Perspectives on the Erosion of Collective Bargaining in the United States (East Lansing, MI: Upjohn Institute, 2007), pp. 87-114

Teresa Sharpe, "Union Democracy and Successful Campaigns: The Dynamics of Staff Authority and Worker Participation in an Organizing Union," in Ruth Milkman and   Kim Voss, eds., Rebuilding Labor: Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement, pp. 62-87

Lowell Turner, "Rank-and-File Participation in Organizing at Home and Abroad," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 123- 134

Bruce Nissen and Seth Rosen, "The CWA Model of Membership-based Organizing," in   Labor Studies Journal, vol. 24, no. 1, 1999, pp. 73- 88

Steve Early, "Membership-Based Organizing," in Gregory Mantsios, ed., A New Labor Movement for a New Century (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1998), pp. 82- 103

Eve S. Weinbaum and Gordon Lafer, "Outside Agitators and Other Red Herrings: Getting Past the 'Top-Down/Bottom-Up' Debate," in New Labor Forum, vol. 10, 2002

Bill Fletcher and Richard Hurd, "Beyond the Organizing Model: The Transformation Process in Local Unions," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 37-­53

Roger Weikle, Hoyt Wheeler and John McClendon, "A Comparative Case Study of Union Organizing Success and Failure: Implications for Practical Strategy," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 197-212

Stephen Lerner, "Three Steps to Reorganizing and Rebuilding the Labor Movement: Building New Strength and Unity for All Working Families," in Labor Notes, December 2002

Stephanie Luce, "Lessons from Living-Wage Campaigns," in Work and Occupations, vol. 32, no.4, 2005, pp. 423-440

Richard Hurd, "The Failure of Organizing, the New Unity Partnership and the Future of the Labor Movement," in WorkingUSA, vol. 8, 2004, pp.5-25           

Week 9:

Rick Fantasia and Kim Voss, "Practices and Possibilities of Social Movement Unionism," in Hard Work: Remaking the Labor Movement (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004), pp.120-159

Steven Lopez, "Social Movement Unionism: Challenging the Power of Capital," in Reorganizing the Rust Belt: An Inside Study of the American Labor Movement, pp. 153- 215

Kim Voos and Rachel Sherman, "You Just Can't Do It Automatically: The Transition to Social Movement Unionism in the United States," in Peter Fairbrother and Charlotte Yates, eds., Trade Unions in Renewal: A Comparative Study (New York: Routledge, 2002), pp. 51- 77

Robert Welsh, "Building and Changing: A New Beginning at the AFL-CIO," in Steven Fraser and Joshua Freeman, eds., Audacious Democracy: Labor, Intellectuals and the Social Reconstruction of America (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1997), pp. 73- 84

Richard Hurd, Ruth Milkman, and Lowell Turner, "Reviving the American Labour Movement: Institutions and Mobilisation," in European Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 9, no. 1, 2003, pp.99-117

Carola Frege and J. Kelly, "Union Revitalisation Strategies in Comparative Perspective," in European Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 9, no. 1, 2003, pp. 7-24

Richard Hyman, "Union Renewal: A View from Europe," in Labor History, vol. 45, no. 3, 2004, pp. 333-338. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk  uk/755/0 1 /Union renewal.pdf

Kate Brontenbrenner, "The American Labour Movement and the Resurgence in Union Organizing," in Peter Fairbrother and Charlotte Yates, eds., Trade Unions in Renewal: A Comparative Study (New York: Routledge, 2002), pp. 32- 50

________, "Union Power Means More than Market Share," in Labor Notes, January 2003 http://labornotes.org/node/565/print

Fred Feinstein, "Renewing and Maintaining Union Vitality: New Approaches to Union Growth," in New York Law School Law Review, vol. 50, no. 2, 2006, pp. 337-353

Steve Early, "Labor Debates How to Rebuild Its House," CWA on the Issues www.cwa-union.org/issues/new-directions/labor-debates.html        

Janice Fine, "Debating Labor's Future," in The Nation, August 1, 2005

Jeff Lachter, "Building a Social Movement Means Organizing, Not Restructuring: NUP and the Organizing Model," CWA on the Issues

Week 10:

Dorothy Sue Cobble, "Remaking Unions for the New Majority," in Dorothy Sue Cobble, ed., Women and Unions: Forging a Partnership (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 1993), pp. 3-24

________,  ''The Prospects for Unionism in a Service Society," in Cameron Lynne Macdonald and Carmen Sirianni, eds., Working in the Service Society (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996), pp. 333-358

________, "Making Postindustrial Unionism Possible," in Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Restoring the Promise of Labor Law," pp. 285-302

Richard Hurd, "Organizing and Representing Clerical Workers: The Harvard Model," in Sue Cobble, ed., Women and Unions: Forging a Partnership, pp. 316- 336

Comments: Gloria Busman, Jessica Govea, Susan Joseph and Patti Roberts, pp. 337- 260

Dorothy Sue Cobble, "Organizing the Postindustrial Work Force: Lessons from the History of Waitress Unionism," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 44, no. 3, 1991, pp. 419-­436

Andrew Ross, "Sweated Labor in Cyberspace," in New Labor Forum, spring/summer, 1999, pp. 47­-56

Kate Bronfenbrenner, "Union Organizing among Professional Women Worker," Research study commissioned by the Department for Professional Employees, AFL-CIO and presented at the DPE Conference on Organizing Professionals in the 21st Century, Crystal City, Virginia, March 14-16, 2005

Kitty Krupat, Stanley Aronowitz, Barbara Bowen and Ed Ott, "The State of the Academic Labor Movement: A Roundtable," in Monika Krause, Mary Nolan, Michael Palm, and Andrew Ross, eds., The University against Itself: The NYU Strike and the Future of the Academic Workplace, pp. 199- 210

Alliance @IBM: The official national site for IBM Employees' Union, CWA Local 1701.

Roger Waldinger and Claudia Der-Martirosian, "Immigrant Workers and American Labor: Challenge ... or Disaster," in Ruth Milkman, ed., Organizing Immigrants: The Challenge for Unions in Contemporary California (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000), pp. 49-80

Immanuel Ness, "Unions and Immigrant Worker Organizing: New Models for New Workers," Immigrants, Unions and the New U.S. Labor Market (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2005), pp.40-58

Week 11:

Ruth Milkman, "Union Responses to Work Force Feminization," in Jane Jenson and Rianne Mahon, eds., The Challenge of Restructuring: North American Labor Movements (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1993), pp. 226-250

Dorothy Sue Cobble and Monica Bielski Michal, "On the Edge of Equality? Working Women and the U.S. Labor Movement," in Fiona Colgan and Sue Ledwith, eds., Gender, Diversity and Trade Unions: International Perspectives (New York: Routledge, 2002), pp. 232-256

Lisa Schur and Douglas Kruse, "Gender Differences in Attitudes towards Unions," in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 46, no. 1, 1992, pp. 89- 102

Patricia Simpson and Michelle Kaminski, "Gender, Organizational Justice Perception and Union Organizing," paper presented at conference on Women and Unions: Still the Most Difficult Revolution?, Cornell University, November 2003

Anne Forrest, "Connecting Women with Unions: What are the Issues?" in Relations Industries, vol. 56, no. 4, 2001, pp. 1-17
http://www.erudit.org/revue/ri/2001/v56/n4/000101ar.html

Charlotte Yates, "Challenging Misconceptions about Organizing Women into Unions," in Gender, Work and Organization, vol. 13, no. 6, 2006, pp. 565- 584

Kate Bronfenbrenner, "Organizing Women: The Nature and Process of Union Organizing Efforts among US Women Workers since the mid-1990s," in Work and Occupations, vol. 32, no. 4, 2008, pp.441-463. http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/articles/3/

Miriam Frank, "Lesbian and Gay Caucuses in the United States Labor Movement," in Gerald Hunt, ed., Laboring for Rights: Unions and Sexual Diversity across Nations (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1999), pp.87-102

Christian Bain, "A Short History of Gay and Lesbian Labor Activism in the United States," in Gerald Hunt, ed., Laboring for Rights: Unions and Sexual Diversity across Nations, pp. 58-86

Andrew Ross, "Strike a Pose for Justice: the Barney's Union Campaign of 1996," in Kitty Krupat and Patrick McCreery, eds, Out at Work: Building a Gay-Labor Alliance (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2001), pp. 78-91

William Fletcher and Richard Hurd, "Is Organizing Enough? Race, Gender and Union Culture," in New Labor Forum, vol.6, 2000, pp. 59-69

Kate Bronfenbrenner and Dorian T. Warren, "Race, Gender, and the Rebirth of Trade Unionism," in New Labor Forum, vol. 16, no. 1, 2007, pp. 142-148

Week 12:

Barbara Griffith, "Race," in The Crisis of American Labor: Operation Dixie and the Defeat of the CIO (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1988), pp. 62- 87

Judith Stephan-Norris and Maurice Zeitlin, "The 'Big 3' and Interracial Solidarity," in Left Out: Reds and America's Industrial Unions (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003), pp. 212­-231

_______   “The Red and the Black," in Left Out: Reds and America's Industrial Unions, pp. 232-265

Michael Goldfield, "Race and the CIO," in International Labor and Working Class History, vol. 45, 1993, pp. 1- 32

_______, "Race and the CIO Revisited: Reply to Critics," in International Labor and Working Class History, vol. 46, 1994, pp. 142-160

Larry Griffin and Robert Korstad, "Class as Race and Gender: Making and Breaking a Labor Union in the Jim Crow South," in Social Science History, vol. 19, no. 4, 1995, pp. 425- 454

Michael Honey, "Civil Rights Unionism," in Black Workers Remember: An Oral History of Segregation, Unionism and the Freedom Struggle (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002), pp. 237-285

_______, "Anti-Racism, Black Workers, and Southern Labor Organizing: Historical Notes on a Continuing Struggle," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 25, no. 1, 2000, pp. 10-26

Patrick Mason and Michael Yates, "Organized Labor and African Americans: Contemporary Challenges and Opportunities," in Patrick Mason, ed., African Americans, Labor and Society: Organizing for a New Agenda (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2000), pp. 23-66

Ruth Needleman, "Union Coalition Building and the Role of Black Organizations: A Study in Steel," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 25, no. 1, 2000, pp. 79-103

Robin D.G. Kelley, "Building Bridges: The Challenge of Organized Labor in Communities of Color," in New Labor Forum, vol. 5, 1999, pp. 42-58

Week 13:

Dorothee Benz, "It Takes a Village to Win a Union: A Case Study of Organizing among Florida's Nursing Home Workers," in Politics and Society, vol. 33, no. 1, 2005, pp. 123-152

Linda Delp and Katie Quan, "Homecare Worker Organizing in California: An Analysis of a Successful Strategy," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 27, no. 1, 2002, pp. 1-24

Preston Rudy, '''Justice for Janitors' Not 'Compensation for Custodians': The Political Context and Organizing in San Jose and Sacramento," in Ruth Milkman and Kim Voss, eds., Rebuilding Labor: Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement, pp. 133-149

Josephine LeBeau and Kevin Lynch, "Successful Organizing at the Local Level: The Experience of AFSCME District Council 1707," in Gregory Mantsios, ed., A New Labor Movement for the New Century, pp. 104-118

Tom Juravich, "UNITE's Victory at Richmond: Community-Based Union Organizing in Communities of Color," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 24, no. 1, 1999, pp. 27- 41

Paul Johnston, "Nurses of the Valley," in Success while Others Fail: Social Movement Unionism and the Public Workplace (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994), pp. 113-146

Immanuel Ness, "Black-Car Drivers: Industrial Restructuring and New Worker Organizing," in Immigrants, Unions and the New U.S. Labor Market, pp. 130- 161

Edna Bonacich, "Hoisted on Its Own Petard: Organizing Wal-Mart's Logistics Workers," in New Labor Forum, vol.14, no. 2, 2005, pp. 67- 75

Maggie Clinton, Miabi Chatterji, Sherene Seikaly, Natasha Lightfoot and Naomi Schiller, "If Not Now, When? Lessons Learned from GSOC's 2005-6 Strike," in Monika Krause, Mary Nolan, Michael Palm, and Andrew Ross, eds., The University against Itself: The NYU Strike and the Future of the Academic Workplace (Philadelphia, PA.: Temple University Press, 2008), pp. 149-162

Katherine Schiacchitano, "Finding the Community in the Union and the Union in the Community: The First Contract Campaign at Steeltech," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 150-163

Rachel Sherman, and Kim Voss, "Organize or Die: Labor's New Tactics and Immigrant Workers," in Organizing Immigrants: The Challenge for Unions in Contemporary California, pp 81-­109

Carol Zabin, "Organizing Latino Workers in the Los Angeles Manufacturing Sector: The Case of American Racing Equipment," in Organizing Immigrants: The Challenge for Unions in Contemporary California, pp. 150-168

Janice Fine, "Economic Action Organizing," in Workers Centers: Organizing Communities at the Edge of the Dream (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006), pp. 100-119

______, "Relationships with Unions," in Workers Centers: Organizing Communities at the Edge of the Dream, pp. 120- 156

Amanda Tattersall "Labor-Community Coalitions, Global Union Alliances, and the Potential of SEIU's Global Union Partnerships," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, ed., Global Unions: Challenging Transnational Capital through Cross-Border Campaigns (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 2007), pp. 155-173

Douglas Meyer, "Building Union Power in the Global Economy" a Case Study of the Coordinated Bargaining Committee of General Electric Unions," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 26, no. 1,2001, pp. 60-75

Week 14:

Ruth Needleman, "Building Relationships for the Long Haul: Unions and Community-Based Groups Working Together to Organize Low-Wage Workers," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp.72-86

Robert Hickey, "Preserving the Pattern: Membership Mobilization and Union Revitalization at PACE Local 4-227," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 29, no. 1, 2004, pp. 1-20

Ken Clark, "Organizing and Retaining Members," Building More Effective Unions (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001), pp. 32-52

______, "Union Member Orientation and Socialization," in Building More Effective Unions, pp. 53-70

Tom Juravich and Kate Bronfenbrenner, "Preparing for the Worst: Organizing and Staying Organized in the Public Sector," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard Hurd, Rudolph Oswald and Ronald Seeber, eds., Organizing to Win: New Research on Union Strategies, pp. 261-282

Bill Fletcher, "Keynote Address, 1998 UCLEA/ AFL -CIO Conference" in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 24, no. 1, 1999, pp. 7-11

Harry Katz, Rosemary Batt, and Jeffrey Keefe, "The Revitalization of the CWA: Integrating Collective Bargaining, Political Action, and Organizing," in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 56, no. 4, 2003, pp. 573-589

Matt Witt and Rand Wilson, ''The Teamsters UPS Strike of 1997: Building a New Labor Movement," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 24, no. 1, 1999, pp. 58-72

Mark Warren, "Leadership Development: Participation and Authority in Consensual Democracies," in Dry Bones Rattling: Community Building to Revitalize American Democracy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001), pp. 211- 238

Kimberely Bobo, "Developing Leadership," in Organizing for Social Change: Midwest Academy Manual for Activists (Santa Anna, CA.: Seven Locks Press, 1990), pp. 86- 96

Carol Chetkovich and Frances Kunreuther, "Organizational Structure: Legitimacy and Accountability," in From the Ground Up: Grassroots Organizations Making Social Change (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 2007), pp. 83- 110

Lee Staples, "Keeping it all together: organizational development and maintenance," in Roots to Power: A Manual for Grassroots Organizing (New York: Praeger, 2004), pp.185- 218

Week 15:

Janice Fine, 'Why Labor Needs a Plan B: Alternatives to Conventional Trade Unionism," in New Labor Forum, vol. 16, no. 2, 2007, pp.35-44

Andrew Martin, 'Why Does the New Labor Movement Look So Much Like the Old? Putting the 1990s Revitalization Project in Historical Context," in Journal of Labor Research, vol. 27, no. 2, 2006, pp. 163- 185

Peter Fairbrother, Glynne Williams, Enrico Gibellieri and Andrea Tropeoli, "Unions Facing the Future: Questions and Possibilities," in Labor Studies Journal, vol. 31, no. 4, 2007, pp. 31-­53

Steven Pitts, "Organize ... To Improve the Quality of Jobs in the Black Community," Center for Research and Education, University of California-Berkeley, May 2004, pp. 1-43

Editors, "Labor at the Crossroads," in New Labor Forum, vo1.14, no. 2, 2005, pp. 4- 8

Jonathan Tasini, "Labor Pains: Eight Simple Rules," in New Labor Forum, vo1.14, no. 2, 2005, pp. 9-11

Jack Metzger, "Is This the Second Coming of the CIO?"  in New Labor Forum, vol. 14, no. 2, 2005, pp. 12-18

Kate Bronfenbrenner, 'What is Labor's True Purpose?: The Implications of SEIU's Unite to Win Proposals for Organization," in New Labor Forum, vo1.14, no. 2, 2005, pp. 19- 26

Clayton Sinyai, "Change to Win: A Gomperism for the Twenty-first Century?," in New Labor Forum, vol. 16, no. 2, 2007, pp. 73-81

Elly Leary, "Response to ''Change to Win: A Gomperism for the Twenty-first Century?,"" in New Labor Forum, vol. 16, no. 2, 2007, pp.  82-85

Ralph Armbruster-Sandoval, 'Workers of the World Unite? The Contemporary Anti-Sweatshop Movement and the Struggle for Social Justice in the Americas," in Work and Occupations, vol. 32, no. 4, 2005, pp. 464-485

Dimitris Stevis and Terry Boswell, "International Framework Agreements: Opportunities and Challenges for Global Unionism," in Kate Bronfenbrenner, ed., Global Unions: Challenging Transnational Capital through Cross-Border Campaigns, pp. 174-195