Wage and Hour Violations in Urban Labour Markets: A Comparison of Los Angeles, New York and Chicago

TitleWage and Hour Violations in Urban Labour Markets: A Comparison of Los Angeles, New York and Chicago
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMilkman, Ruth, González, Ana Luz, and Ikeler, Peter
JournalIndustrial Relations Journal
Volume43
Issue5
Pagination378 - 398
Date Published2012
Keywordshour violations, labor standards, minimum wage, wage violations
Abstract

This article compares violations of minimum wage laws and other labor standards in New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago. Los Angeles has the highest violation rates, due to such factors as its industrial composition and disproportionately large number of small establishments, as well as its vast unauthorized immigrant population. In addition, Los Angeles’ higher rates reflect the stricter legal standards in California. We conclude that, although stronger workplace laws and regulations are crucial, in the absence of effective enforcement, they may fail to prevent workplace violations.

URLhttp://media.wix.com/ugd/90d188_c4e7dd7665ae0e79b71f26181e3efe40.pdf