Grassroots Labor Organizations in Metropolitan Buenos Aires, 2003–2007

TitleGrassroots Labor Organizations in Metropolitan Buenos Aires, 2003–2007
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsScolnik, Fernando
JournalLatin American Perspectives
Volume42
Issue2
Pagination30 - 41
Date Published2015///
KeywordsBuenos Aires, collective bargaining, democracy, economic crisis, grassroots, grassroots labor organizations
Abstract

During the 1990s, the Argentine working class was hard-hit by the neoliberal offensive, which reversed many of the gains previously won. The decade saw a serious degradation of living conditions and an increase in inequality as a consequence of unemployment and precarious work. After the economic crisis of 2001, labor unions were strengthened by a decline in unemployment and the reactivation of collective bargaining. At the same time, the crisis generated a questioning of the traditional union leadership and the emergence of grassroots organizations (internal committees and bodies of delegates) that introduced democratic decision making to the workplace in accordance with developments at the time in the community assemblies, movements of unemployed workers, and recovered factories. During Néstor Kirchner’s presidency, these organizations led union struggles that had a strong political and social impact and even achieved coordination among themselves outside of the organic labor union groups.