|Title||Alternative Labor Protection Movements In The United States: Reshaping Industrial Relations?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Journal||International Labour Review|
|Pagination||15 - 26|
|Keywords||future, labor market intermediation, labor relations, labor violations, low-wage economy, low-wage occupations, low-wage workers, organizing, precarious employment, trade union, worker centers, workers representation|
The United States is one of the developed countries that have experienced the steepest declines of unionization and collective bargaining in recent decades. Its traditional industrial relations institutions, premised on the prevalence of “standard” employment relationships, have long been eroded by restrictive legislation and employer opposition. Meanwhile, precarious employment, sub-standard conditions and marginalization have become widespread features of the labor market, leading to the spontaneous emergence of alternative, often community-based initiatives to protect vulnerable workers using highly innovative strategies. “Worker centers”, in particular, have been very active to that end, often teaming up with formal trade unions to pursue their objectives.