Trade Unions and Climate Change: The Jobs Versus Environment Dilemma

TitleTrade Unions and Climate Change: The Jobs Versus Environment Dilemma
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsRäthzel, Nora, and Uzzell, David
JournalGlobal Environmental Change
Pagination1215 - 1223
Date Published2011///
Keywordsclimate change, environmental degradation, jobs versus environment, social movement unionism, trade unions

Trade unions are actively engaging with the climate change agenda and formulating climate change policies. Although governments are placing considerable effort on changing consumer behavior, arguably the most significant impacts on climate change will be through changes in production. Even changes in consumption will have consequences for production. Changes in production will affect workers through the loss of jobs, the changing of jobs, and the creation of new jobs. The jobs versus environment dilemma is a significant issue affecting workers worldwide. In this paper we focus on the ways in which international trade unions are conceptualizing the relationship between jobs and the environment, which provide the point of departure from which climate change policies can be formulated. Extended interviews were conducted with senior policy makers in national and international trade unions. On the basis of their responses, four discourses of trade union engagement with climate change are discussed: ‘technological fix’, ‘social transformation’, ‘mutual interests’ and ‘social movement’ discourses, which were theorized in the context of the different international histories and models of trade unionism. All discourses imply a re- invention of unions as social movements but do not see nature as a partner in human development.