|Title||Union Recognition By Multinational Companies In China: A Dual Institutional Pressure Perspective|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Kim, Sunghoon, Han, Jian, and Zhao, Longkai|
|Journal||Industrial & Labor Relations Review|
|Pagination||34 - 59|
|Keywords||China, foreign-owned firms, multinational companies, trade unions, union recognition|
Over the last decade, Chinese authorities have pressed foreign multinational companies to recognize official trade unions. Employing cross- classified multilevel modeling on a large data set (10,108 foreign-owned firms cross- embedded in 32 home countries and 755 Chinese cities), this study examines the antecedents of the varied positions of foreign-owned firms toward union recognition around the midpoint of the first decade of the 2000s—a time when the government-led union recognition campaign in China was gaining strength. Drawing on a dual institutional pressure perspective, the authors theorize that the likelihood that a foreign- owned firm will recognize a union depends on both the industrial relations system in the home country and the location of its operations in the host country. Specifically, a foreign-owned firm is more likely to recognize unions if it originated from a nation where the legitimacy of collective representation is high and if it is located in a Chinese city where union recognition is prevalent among Chinese-owned firms.