Collective Consultation Under Quota Management: China's Government-Led Model of Labour Relations Regulation

TitleCollective Consultation Under Quota Management: China's Government-Led Model of Labour Relations Regulation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWu, Qingjun, and Sun, Zhaoyang
JournalInternational Labour Review
Volume153
Issue4
Pagination609 - 633
Date Published2014
KeywordsChina, collective bargaining, consultation, labor relations, state intervention
Abstract

China's system of labor relations regulation is based on a government-led model of collective consultation and contracts, driven by the central planning tradition of “quota management”. Government and trade unions thus cooperate to fulfil coverage quotas, especially at the local/enterprise level. Though their methods are highly successful at overcoming employers' reluctance, the absence of genuine collective bargaining leaves collective contracts largely devoid of substance. Under this system, the authors argue, the Government is institutionalizing a labor regulation framework aimed at containing the recent rise in labor unrest, while pragmatically postponing collective bargaining for the sake of stability and growth.