Childhood Career Development in Mainland China: A Research and Practice Agenda

TitleChildhood Career Development in Mainland China: A Research and Practice Agenda
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLiu, Jianwei, McMahon, Mary, and Watson, Mark
JournalThe Career Development Quarterly
Volume62
Issue3
Pagination268 - 279
Date Published2014
Keywordscareer development, childhood, China, mainland China
Abstract

Career development in adolescence and adulthood has been widely researched; however, less is known about childhood career development, particularly in non-Western cultures. This is especially the case in mainland China, where children grow up in a unique context. The Confucian tradition of emphasizing education as an important social ladder and parents' role in their children's development may restrict children's development of career-planning skills. By contrast, the shift from a planned economy to a market economy enables individuals to choose careers and demands that individuals have career-planning skills. The elementary school years could be a starting point to develop such skills by providing career guidance for children. This article considers childhood career development in mainland China, discusses the status quo of childhood career development research and practice, and considers an agenda for future research and practice.