|Title||Union Effectiveness: In Search of the Holy Grail|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Gall, Gregor, and Fiorito, Jack|
|Journal||Economic and Industrial Democracy|
|Volume||Published online before print July 29, 2014|
|Keywords||employee representation, labor unions, trade unions, union organizing, unionization|
This article revisits the concept of union effectiveness and proposes a conceptual model to inform its study and application. Previous conceptual and empirical work is examined to identify key strengths and weaknesses, and to relate the union effectiveness concept to union renewal and other key concepts. This leads to the proposal of a Goal-System framework that builds and improves on prior research.