The Regional Distribution of Skill Premia in Urban China: Implications for Growth and Inequality

标题The Regional Distribution of Skill Premia in Urban China: Implications for Growth and Inequality
出版物类型期刊文章
出版物年份2014
作者Whalley, John, and Xing, Chunbing
期刊International Labour Review
Volume153
Issue3
Pagination395 - 419
Date Published2014
关键词China, skilled worker, unskilled worker, urban area, wage differential, wage increase
Abstract

Based on urban household survey data, the authors find that skill premia increased significantly across all regions of China between 1995 and 2002, but only in coastal regions between 2002 and 2007. By then, these regions also displayed much wider wage inequality and thus contributed more to overall urban wage inequality than non-coastal regions. While privatization was the main driver of skill premia in 1995–2002, China's (regionally uneven) integration into the global economy became the dominant influence in 2002–07. Reducing skill premia and inequality, the authors argue, calls for reform of the Hukou registration system which impedes skilled labour mobility and possibly also growth.