|标题||The Role of Gender in Promotion and Pay over a Career|
|作者||Addison, John T., Ozturk, Orgul Demet, and Wang, Si|
|期刊||Journal of Human Capital|
|Pagination||280 - 317|
|关键词||earnings, private sector, promotion, public sector|
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79), this paper considers the role of gender in promotion and subsequent earnings development and how this evolves over a career. In its use of three career stages, the study builds on earlier work using the NLSY79 that considers gender differences in the early career years alone. The raw data suggest reasonably favorable promotion outcomes for females over a career. But the advantages seem to be confined to less-educated females. And while there are strong returns to education for males through enhanced promotion probability and attendant wage growth in later career this is not the case for females. Although this latter finding is not inconsistent with fertility choices on the part of educated females, choice is seemingly only part of the explanation.